Back pain can be managed with just a simple over the counter pain reliever. Moreover, there are times that over the counter medication is not enough to give the necessary relief; thus, allowing other available option. These options are only good for patients whose condition does not require surgery. However, the injection does not treat the cause of the pain but will just relieve you from pain. Sadly, the disorder will remain, only with the injection you will be given the chance to get back to your daily activity. Moreover, there are different kinds of injection that will give a temporary relief to the patients.
Below are different kinds of epidural type of injection for back pain
Epidural Steroid Injection
This is often administered to patients whose spinal column had inflamed, and had caused an irritation at the nerve-root. Normally, this strong anti-inflammatory drug is used to reduce the inflammation; thus, eased the pain. The injection is composed of steroid, majorly cortisone, which aids on numbing as to give a quick relief. The minimum amount of injection that should be given to a patient suffering from back pain is only three times a year. This should not be given as often as you want to and for the patient who are not relieved by this kind of injection.
Caudal Epidural Injection
The route of administration is at the epidural space. The steroid is delivered directly in between the dura mater and the vertebrae. This is to deliver the medication directly to the affected area. Normally, the relief will take effect in less than a week and will last from several days to few months. This is almost the same with epidural steroid injection. What differs in this kind of injection is that the location where it will be injected. The injection will be injected at the lower part of the spine, which is at the tailbones base.
Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection
This type of injection is administered to the patient with a light local anesthesia injected over the nerve root opening. The needle will be guided with a fluoroscopy (live x-ray) through the nerve root that is being compressed. In order for the doctor to monitor the extent of the damage of the nerve, the patient will be injected with a dye solution. A local anesthesia is being injected between the spaces of the spine. Your doctor will inject the needle into the foraminal canal then, into the epidural space of the spine.
Selective Nerve Block
The medication is being administered through injecting a local anesthesia directly to the foraminal canal. The needle is being directed through the use of an x-ray machine (C-Arm). This kind of injection is targeting the nerve root that is present in the spinal column. The nerve root block injection will then follow the nerve path to block the pain that is being released into the leg, the arms or at the back.
Trigger Point Injection
A local anesthesia that contains corticosteroid will be injected to the trigger point of the patient. The drugs will make the trigger point inactive; thus, relieving the pain. The procedure is being done in the doctor’s clinic. What is best with this kind of injection is that, with the brief period of injection, a more sustainable result is being achieved. The doctor may inject several sites in one visit that will only take for a few minutes. This injection is usually being administered to the failing muscles. When a muscle fails to relax, or contracts then the trigger point injection is most suitable. The numbing effect of medicine is hoped to relax the muscles.
Prolo or Sclero Facet Injection
This kind of injection induces the formation of a scar tissue to form in between the spine. This is done with the hope that the scar may tighten the tissues that become damaged due to injury or other degenerative diseases. Sadly, this kind of techniques had lost its credibility because of the less success rates it offers.